Generate high-quality leads

We've outlined the formula that can help you drive high-quality leads at scale with every dollar. Select a step or scroll to get started.

& expand

Set objectives

It’s important to identify precisely what you want to achieve. Then you can make sure your marketing, media and campaign objectives and KPIs are working together to achieve that goal.

But first, we’ll help you outline your company’s lead-to-sale journey — which is the first step in understanding how to improve lead quality and drive more growth for your business.

  1. Map your lead-to-sale journey
  2. Know your business objective
  3. Align marketing objective
  4. Set your media objectives
  5. Pick your campaign objectives


Map your lead-to-sale journey

This may be a little bit of a mindset shift.

Many people use leads as their main metric for driving final sales. But of course not all leads are created equal — only some of them end up converting. So we recommend optimizing for the final sale itself.

Start by mapping out your lead-to-sale journey, to confirm the key steps that occur between a lead and final sale. Then, identify the value of each step to determine which customer actions are the strongest indicators of revenue (or a final sale). This exercise will help inform which key measurement signals — beyond the lead — will effectively drive more sales for your business.

First, ask yourself:

What does your current sales cycle look like?

What happens after a lead is generated?

Where is your customer data stored? In a CRM, or somewhere else?

Then, get some numbers handy:

What’s the value of a final sale to you?

What percentage of your leads convert into sales (ballpark)?

Lead-to-sale journey for Best Insurance

Now, map your lead-to-sale journey:

Start with the average value of a final sale

Identify the conversion rate between each step

Calculate the expected value of each step by multiplying its conversion rate by the value of the next step.

Mindset Shift

From optimizing for a lead to optimizing for a final sale.

Meet Mike

He’s the Marketing Manager for Best Insurance, a national home and auto insurance provider. He mapped each touchpoint in their sales cycle: from lead to Marketing Qualified Lead (MQL) to Sales Qualified Lead (SQL) to closed sale.

Then, knowing the average value of a closed sale ($5,000), he worked backward to figure out that if 4% of SQLs convert into closed sales, an SQL is worth/valued at $200. He did the same thing from MQL to SQL to calculate the value of each step along the journey.

Now that he knows how much each step is worth, he can use that to optimize the entire lead-to-sale journey for the highest-value leads.


Map your lead-to-sale journey

Now let's talk to the CEO


Know your business objective

Talk to the CEO.

Or at least make sure you understand their main business objective. This usually falls into one of three categories: market share, revenue, or profit.

And keep in mind — great business objectives are measurable, timebound, and raise the bar above what you’re already achieving.

Now make sure your marketing, campaign, and media objectives are all working toward that same goal.

Brands using agencies

Hold a quarterly business review with your agency to ensure you’re making progress toward your business goals.

Mindset shift

To create sustainable growth, shift your focus from driving lead volume or revenue to driving profit. Work with your team to identify profitability goals. Then, use those to inform your marketing investments.

Mike’s CEO’s business objective is to increase revenue by 20% by the end of Q4 – from $20M to $24M. Now that he knows that, Mike can start to see his role in hitting that goal. But first, he needs to check in with his CMO.

Next stop: the CMO


Align on your marketing objective

This is how the CEO’s business objective is achieved.

It’s usually set by the CMO, and can be anything from generating leads to growing offline sales. Here, we’ll focus on generating high-quality leads that turn into sales.

Brands using agencies

Make sure you’re aligned on your marketing objective, not just campaign KPIs.

Mindset shift

From focusing on lead volume to focusing on profitable business growth. This positions marketing as a profit centre, rather than a cost centre.

Mike’s CMO’s marketing objective is to increase sales-qualified leads to $5M (a 25% boost) by the end of Q4.

This is good news, because Mike can clearly see how that will help their CEO hit her goal. Now he just needs to make sure his media objectives can do the same thing.

Now it's your turn


Set your media objectives

Now things get more detailed.

The media objectives help you meet the marketing objective — which, in this case, is generating high-quality leads. They’re usually set by the digital marketing team, and break down into two parts:

Performance objectives focus on the bottom of the funnel, measured by KPIs like phone calls and form submissions.

Brand objectives focus on the top of the funnel, and drive factors like ad recall, brand awareness, and brand interest.

Mindset shift

From only focusing on performance marketing to developing a full funnel strategy — with brand goals that drive lower funnel outcomes.

Mike sets two media objectives for Best Insurance:

His performance objective is to get 50k sales-qualified leads through Google Search by the end of Q4.

His brand objective is to use YouTube to drive a 25% increase in branded search demand.

Together, those should help his CMO get that 25% boost she’s looking for.

Just one to go


Pick your campaign objectives

This is where the rubber meets the road.

Campaign objectives are the KPIs used to gauge the success of a specific marketing campaign. We recommend you keep a close eye on return on ad spend (ROAS).

Pro tip

Make sure all your goals support each other by involving the right people — from account managers to senior decision makers.

Mindset shift

From measuring proxies like CPA or CPL to measuring actual business outcomes, with KPIs like Return On Ad Spend or Lifetime Customer Value.

Since Mike has two media objectives, he sets a campaign objective for each of them.

For his performance objective (50k sales-qualified leads): Mike wants to drive 200k conversions at a 120% target ROAS in Q1, with bookings from new customers.

For his brand objective (25% increase in branded search demand): Mike wants to capture 59M unique impressions at an $8 CPM over the same period.

If he does both, he should have no problem meeting his media objectives (which would help his CMO and CEO reach their goals, too.)

Download our goal template

Goals? Check.

Now let’s get set up for success.

Get ready

Success is built on strong foundations. Before launching any new campaigns, make sure you have the big three in place: robust measurement, a value-based bidding strategy, and powerful creative.

  1. Robust measurement
  2. Find your high-value customers
  3. Stand out with powerful creative


Understand your customers better with robust measurement

Connect your first-party data to Google Ads

The most valuable data available is your company’s first-party data. Why? It’s high-quality and hyper relevant to your customer set.

If you're not importing first-party data (e.g., data in your CRM) with Google Ads, you’re leaving money on the table. By connecting your first-party data with Google Ads, you can see exactly who your highest-value prospects are, and only spend on them, thanks to Google's machine learning.

Strategies that integrate customer data across the entire lead-to-sale journey drive:

+20% incremental revenue1
+30% in cost efficiency1

Pro tip

Privacy first

Offline conversion tracking for web forms does not involve sharing any personally identifiable information (PII) with Google — in fact, it's against Google’s policies to upload any such data.


Connect your first-party data with Google Ads with this self-serve implementation platform. It’ll guide you through implementing offline conversion tracking.

Fill in the blanks to find the highest quality leads

Now that you’ve connected your first-party data (e.g., data in your CRM), help Google fill in the blanks by adding the valuable customer actions (from the lead-to-sale journey exercise in step 1) and their associated values. These can be imported as unique conversion actions.

This will allow Google’s automated solutions to properly weigh the value of each step, so the system can optimize for the leads that are more likely to convert.


Add conversion values to offline actions.

Last click doesn’t tell the whole story: upgrade to non-last click attribution

Before filling out a form on your website or calling for info, people may click or interact with several of your ads. Instead of giving all the credit to the last thing they saw or interacted with, non-last click attribution assigns credit to the earlier customer touchpoints that helped influence the ultimate conversion.

Pro tip

Data-driven attribution model was upgraded to also attribute non-last click credit to YouTube clicks and engaged views and Display clicks.

When compared to last-click attribution, data-driven attribution typically delivers more conversions at a similar cost to other attribution strategies.2

Comparing attribution models for Best Insurance

  Video ad Display ad Search ad
Last-click model     100%
Linear model 33% 33% 33%
Data-driven model 20% 50% 30%

A data-driven model distributes credit differently for each interaction along the consumer journey.

Once Mike set up data-driven attribution, he saw that one of his display ads had a bigger impact on sales than he expected. Even though more sales were coming from the search ad, most of those people had interacted with the display ad first.

So Mike increased the budget for display ads as a result.

Compare apples to apples

We recommend consolidating platforms to bring all sources of customer data into one place. As your data scales and your process becomes more automated, this will be even more important.


Use Google Analytics and Google Marketing Platform (GMP) to bring all of your data sources together.

Pro tip

Use the Conversions Report to understand how you’re completing goals across multiple sources.

Pro tip

If you have an app, make sure to set up deep linking and app conversion tracking to determine your ROI across web and app campaigns.

Now let's focus on ROI


Find your highest-value customers with a value-based bidding strategy

Some customers bring more value than others, and your bidding should reflect that.

In a perfect world, you’d be able to focus on your best customers and bid only on them — adjusting each bid based on each user’s unique combination of signals and value. Of course, this would be incredibly time consuming and nearly impossible to do manually, even for highly skilled people.

However, value-based bid strategies allow you to do this easily and at scale. Our best-in-class example of this is Target Return on Ad Spend (Target ROAS) bidding.

Unlike Target CPA (a conversion-based bid strategy), Target ROAS treats each customer differently. It incorporates the predicted value of each customer, their likelihood of conversion, and the value of each step (like a click or form fill) using the conversion values you reported earlier.

15% increase in conversion value when moving from Target CPA to Target ROAS.3

Target ROAS allows you to bid based on the value of each customer — not just how much it’ll cost to acquire them. Just input the average return you’d like to make on every dollar spent on ads, and it optimizes with your profitability goal in mind.

For example, if you’d like to make $3 for every $1 spent on ads, your target ROAS would be 300%. To find yours, use this formula:

Sales ÷ Ad spend × 100% = target ROAS%


Prepare to make the switch to a value-based bidding strategy like Target ROAS to target your most valuable customers.

Not sure what your target ROAS goal is? Transition to Maximize Conversion Value.

Pro tip

Like Target CPA? You’ll love Target ROAS.

Target CPA controls for ad spend and treats all conversions equally, but Target ROAS controls for both ad spend and customer value.

Target CPA vs Target ROAS

Mike wanted to make $1M in revenue for $250,000 in ad spend. So he set a target ROAS of 4X or 400% — which meant he’d earn $4 for every $1 he spent on advertising. Google then optimized for customers that would help him hit that goal.

Time for the creative team


Stand out with powerful creative

Write more effective search ads

Research backs up what we know to be true: the creative aspects of an ad (like headlines) are still the most important element in driving sales. In the link below, we’ve compiled a list of best practices to make your search ads as impactful as possible.


Write effective search ads with these tips.

Follow best practices for Display Ads

For Display Ads, make sure you have a strong image that follows all requirements, with a compelling headline and a clear value prop in the description. When possible, try to use an image with a single subject, a natural composition, and square edges. Avoid overlaying logos or text.

For more help picking the right photo, check out our Display Creative Best Practices Guide below.

75% of advertising impact is determined by creative quality.4

Use our recipe for strong videos

After lots of testing, we boiled down the essential rules for effective creative on YouTube. Make sure to share them with your creative team before they start on their next video ad.


Follow the ABCDs of effective creative.

Pro tip

Use the YouTube Creative Directory to find companies that can help you make a video, or use the Video Builder Beta to make one yourself. For deeper creative insights, check out Create with Google.

Now you're ready.

Let’s grow your business.

Take action

Now it’s time to supercharge your efforts. We’ll break this section into two parts: capturing existing demand at the bottom of the funnel, and generating new demand at the top.

  1. Capture existing demand
  2. Generate new demand


Capture existing demand

Start with search ads

Search ads are a proven way to drive qualified leads as people search on Google and its search partners.

We recommend you:

Start with a branded search campaign to capture customers who are searching for you and ready to call or submit their information in your lead form.

Create a non-branded search campaign for each of your services or products to engage with prospective customers when they're open to discovering new brands.

Boost your visibility by adding new relevant keywords and changing keyword match types in Keyword Planner.

Use call extensions and call ads to encourage action, gain insights, and easily assign values to qualified leads.

Use lead form extensions to give users pre-filled forms with Action boxs like “Get a quote.” (They help prevent drop-off, too.)

Improve your ROI with Smart Bidding

First, prioritize your most valuable actions by setting up conversion actions. To do this, use the steps and values from your lead-to-sale journey in step 1. Then:

Good - If you don't have a cost-per-lead target (the amount you’d ideally pay for a conversion), start with a Maximize conversions strategy.

Better - If you do have a cost-per-lead target, set up a Target Cost Per Acquisition bid strategy.

Best - To optimize for your return on every dollar, use tROAS.

Target ROAS best practices:

Start with a target ROAS close to what you’re already achieving, and tweak from there. Starting with too high of a trget ROAS may impact your conversion volume and limit the amount of traffic your ads get.

Give Target ROAS its full learning period, which can be a few weeks — depending on how long it takes a lead to move through your lead-to-sale journey. (Your performance may vary widely during this learning period.)

After the learning period, continue to tweak your target ROAS to find the optimal balance of volume and efficiency.

Back to basics: Use this equation to see how profitable your advertising campaigns are

Google Ads revenue - costs = Google Ads profit

Pro tip

Make it your own

Use custom columns to see your favorite info at a glance.

Pro tip

The product package of broad match keywords, Target ROAS and responsive search ads are more powerful together. 

When Mike reviewed his goals with his CMO, he discussed switching from Target CPA to Target ROAS. In addition to helping him maximize profits, this allowed him to tie his goals to the success of the CMO’s marketing objective and CEO’s business objective.

This helped him position Best Insurance’s marketing department as a profit centre rather than a cost centre — making his impact on the business even more apparent.

Now let's find future customers


Generate new demand - expand to new platforms

Fill the top of the funnel

Once you’ve captured customers who are already looking for your products or services, it’s time to generate more demand at the top of the funnel. Then you can continue to nurture them as they continue along the journey to a final sale.

Before you get started, make sure you have clearly defined brand objectives to qualify the impact of your top of funnel marketing. (These will look different than the performance objectives you use for things like search.)

Run a Smart Display campaign to automatically target people across all stages of the customer journey on the Google Display Network.

Use a Discovery campaign to automatically introduce your brand to new customers scrolling through feeds in Gmail, YouTube, and Discovery.

Run a TrueView for action campaign to capture potential customers who are using YouTube to decide what to buy.

Expand the radius of your existing campaigns to reach new customers and drive incremental revenue at scale.

Pro tip

New to TrueView for action? 

Start with Maximize Conversion bidding. If you have a set KPI, use Target CPA bidding.

Mike wanted to generate demand with customers who weren’t already looking for insurance. In order to reach customers on new platforms, he launched a Smart Display campaign to broaden his customer base and win new conversions using a fully automated campaign across the Google Display Network.

In addition to a Display campaign, Mike also launched a TrueView for action campaign and harnessed the power of video to reach new customers across YouTube.

Time to refine

Let’s keep improving your performance.

Evaluate & expand

As time passes, you’ll better understand how your ads are performing. Use this information to optimize your performance, test new strategies, and find more opportunities for growth.

  1. Spend your time wisely
  2. Test, learn, and refine
  3. Don’t miss the opportunity

Give automation time to learn

It can take around two weeks to get an accurate read on your data when using automated bidding solutions. Check the bid strategy report to see how many days are left in your learning period, and try not to make many changes to your campaign in the meantime.


Spend your time where it counts

Let Google find the opportunities

When you’re running hundreds of campaigns, saving time is critical. Your optimization score helps you do this by estimating how well your Google Ads account is performing, and gives you personalized recommendations that will help it perform even better.

80% of digital marketers’ time is spent on manual tasks like bidding, and only 20% is spent on strategy.5


Check your optimization score to see how well your Google Ads account is performing.

Now let’s dive deeper


Test, learn, and refine

Understand your customers' path to purchase

Ever wondered what happens between the top of the funnel and the bottom? This is the perfect time to get the answer.

To see all the ways people are interacting with your campaign, just go to “Tools & Settings” in your Google Ads account and select “Attribution.”

Meet your superfans

Now that you’re targeting your top customers with Target ROAS, let’s see what else we can learn about them.

Head to “Tools & Settings” in your Google Ads account and select “Customer value.” This will give you anonymous, aggregated consumer data showing what characteristics your top customers share.

Use pencil before pen

Before trying out new strategies, give them a test drive using drafts and experiments in your Ads Account. Then stop by the Performance Planner to see the impact different budgets could make.


Use drafts and experiments to test new strategies and Performance Planner to test different budgets.

Now let’s run some numbers


Don’t leave opportunity on the table

Grow your slice of the pie

If your campaign is hitting its targets — but maxing out its budget — there’s probably more room to grow. Check your impression share in your Google Ads account — it’ll tell you how many impressions were gifted to competitors due to insufficient budgets.


Use your impression share to re-evaluate budgets.

Keep feeding the top of the funnel

It can be tempting to only focus on lower funnel customers.

But to keep growing your business, be sure to invest in upper funnel strategies like Display and Video as well. Adopting a full-funnel strategy is the best way to achieve your objectives and increase your market share over time.

Reevaluate your campaign objectives

Now that you have more data, consider adjusting your Target ROAS. If it’s too high, you could be missing out on additional sales. If it’s too low, you could be sacrificing profits for volume.

Try to find the inflection point that allows you to maximize your overall profit.

Evaluate customer lifetime value

When planning your next steps, take lifetime customer value into account.

Figuring out the value of each of your customers isn’t easy. You’ll need to evaluate data from paid sources, organic sources, and your other marketing efforts. Figuring out lifetime value will allow you to bid to the full value each customer provides your business.

To get started, find out how much you’re earning from each customer, go into Google Analytics, open reports, and select “Audience > Lifetime Value."

Pro tip

The new insights page in Google Ads updates daily, and it shows curated insights unique to the business to help you understand current performance, identify growth opportunities and category expansions.

Mike was glad to see Best Insurance’s online sales increase by 30% in Q1, but he thought he could do more. He reevaluated his campaign objectives for Q2-Q4, adjusting his target ROAS and increasing his demand generation upper funnel tactics. He was able to help his CMO pass her $5M goal by the end of the year.

And when his CMO is happy, Mike is, too.